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Business model for renewable energy Energiewende in North Hesse Floating Lidar System Support structures Extended operation of wind turbines Wind energy utilization onshore

Onshore

 

A total of 1550 wind turbines with an overall capacity of 4394 MW were installed on land in 2016. In the same period, 242 wind turbines with a rated capacity of 262 MW were decommissioned. Almost two-thirds of the newly installed wind turbines have a capacity of 3 MW or more. The average capacity was 2.83 MW, the average rotor diameter 109 m and average hub height 127 m.

 

Wind conditions and yields in 2016 were below average compared with the long-term average, and especially compared with 2015. The German wind farm achieved an average of 1553 full load hours. In contrast, the wind turbines newly erected in 2016 are expected to achieve a long-term average of 2721 full load hours.

 

 

 

 

 

Offshore

 

156 offshore wind turbines with 818 MW capacity were put into full or partial operation in German waters in 2016. These relate to the projects Gode Wind I + II and Sandbank. By the end of the year there was a total of 4089 MW offshore wind capacity in operation in the North and Baltic Seas. In 2016 the grid input of these wind turbines reached 11.9 TWh.

 

Around 14 100 MW were in operation worldwide by the end of 2016, of which around 12 400 MW were in Europe. The commissioning of the 30 MW wind farm Block Island off the east coast of the USA heralded the country’s use of offshore wind power on an industrial scale.